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Republic of Florence Jesse Russell

Republic of Florence

Jesse Russell

Published March 19th 2012
ISBN : 9785511112718
Paperback
82 pages
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 About the Book 

High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Republic of Florence (Italian: Repubblica Fiorentina), or the Florentine Republic, was a city-state that was centered on the city of Florence, located in modern Tuscany, Italy. The republic was foundedMoreHigh Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Republic of Florence (Italian: Repubblica Fiorentina), or the Florentine Republic, was a city-state that was centered on the city of Florence, located in modern Tuscany, Italy. The republic was founded in 1115, when the Florentine people rebelled against the Margraviate of Tuscany upon Margravine Matildas death. The Florentines formed a commune in Matildas place. The republic was ruled by a council, known as the signoria. The signoria was chosen by the gonfaloniere (titular ruler of the city), who was elected every two months by Florentine guild members. The republic has a chequered history of coups and counter coups against various factions. The Medici faction gained control of the city in 1434, upon Cosimo de Medicis counter coup against the faction that sent him into exile the previous year. The Medici kept control of Florence until 1494. Giovanni de Medici (later Pope Leo X) re-conquered the republic in 1512. The Medicis authority was repudiated for a second time in 1527, during the War of the League of Cognac. The Medici re-assumed their rule in 1531, after an 11-month siege of the city. The republican government was disestablished in 1532, when Pope Clement VII appointed Alessandro de Medici Duke of the Florentine Republic, thereafter making the republic a hereditary monarchy.